1. Enterprises

2. Infrastructure system

3. Vehicles, traffic, road accidents

4. Railway traffic

5. Road freight transport

6. Air transport

7. Use and satisfaction with public transport

8. Expenditure of the Public Administration on transport services


1. Enterprises

Statistics in this section refer to bus enterprises that operate in the local public transportation, supplying urban and intercity transportation services. The data are derived from the National Account of Infrastructure and Transport. Values for the number of enterprises are broken down by region, by enterprise size, by type of service supplied, and by category of bus.

The National Account of Infrastructure and Transportwas created in 1971 by the Statistics Office of the Ministry of Transport, in co-operation with central and peripheral offices, other Public Administrations, Istat, and other agencies and research institutes.


2. Infrastructure system

Data presented in this yearbook are derived from various sources, according to the type of information observed.

Several indicators on the infrastructure system are calculated by Istituto Tagliacarne, and cover various types of infrastructure. Infrastructure can be used mainly by households (“social”) or used both by households and enterprises (“mixed” or “economic”).

Also presented are statistics on the road network (of source Istat, ANAS and Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport), on the characteristics of airports (source ENAC), and on the characteristics of the railway system (Istat, Ferrovie dello Stato and Ferrovie Nord Milano).


3. Vehicles, traffic, road accidents

Statistics on vehicles

Statistics on vehicles are provided by ACI – Italian Automobile Club and cover:

  1. Registrations of new vehicles
  2. Number of vehicles in use
  3. Cancellations from the registers, according to the reason (scrapping, export or other reasons)
  4. Change of ownership.

Since 2009 data on vehicles exclude trailers and semi-trailers weighing less than 3.5 tonnes, for which since 2004 registration in the Vehicles Registers is not mandatory. For this reason the category “other vehicles” declined significantly (by more than 50%).

Statistics on traffic

Data on traffic refer to traffic on toll motorways.

 and are provided by AISCAT -  Italian Association of Toll-Motorways and Tunnel Licensees

Road accidents

Statistical information on road accidents is provided by Istat (in co-operation with ACI – Italian Automobile Club), through a monthly survey covering all road accidents with people injured or killed.

The data are collected through a specific form, which is filled-in by the Police after the accident. This form contains all information that is needed to identify the location and the dynamics of the accident: place (urban area or not), types of vehicles involved, circumstances that caused the accident, consequences to the persons and to the vehicles.

The field of observation is represented by all road accidents - reported by the police - that happened on the national territory during the solar year, and that resulted in injury or death.

Data exclude, in addition to accidents where no persons sustained injuries or died, those that did not happen in area intended for the circulation of vehicles, such as backyards or garages.

The main definitions of the survey variables are:

  • road accident: any  collision between road users involving at least one vehicle in motion on a public highway normally open to traffic and causing the death of and/or injury to one or more of the road users.
  • deaths: people who were killed outright or who died within 30 days as a result of the accident.
  • persons injured: persons not killed, but who sustained an injury as result of an injury accident, normally needing medical treatment.

The main information collected refers to:

  • Date and place of the accident
  • Location: in the urban area or not in the urban area
  • Type of road
  • Type of paving
  • Type of roadbed
  • Type of traffic signs
  • Weather conditions
  • Nature of the accident (collision, run-over, etc)
  • Types of vehicles involved
  • Circumstances of the accident
  • Consequences to persons
  • Name of the persons killed and injured;
  • Name of the hospital

Indicators on road accidents

The absolute number of road accidents is only a partial information for the analysis of road accidents. In fact, given that the number of accidents tends to increase with the increase in the number of vehicles and of the kilometres travelled.

For an-depth analysis of road accidents it would be useful to measure the frequency of the accidents, in terms of ratio of the number of accidents to the total volume traffic (the latter calculated as the number of vehicles in use multiplied by the average distance travelled). Data on the distance travelled is however available only for toll motorways and the total volume of traffic (on all types of roads and streets) could therefore be estimated only at a very low level approximation.

The data collected through the Istat survey enable to calculate the number of accidents, the number of persons injured, and the number of persons killed. With these elements it is possible to calculate some other useful ratios, for example:

- Mortality index: ratio of the number of people killed in accidents to the number of accidents (average number of persons killed in each accident)

- Injury index: ratio of the number of people injured in accidents to the number of accidents (average number of persons injured in each accident)


4. Railway traffic

This section contains information of the passengers transported in Lombardy in the regional railway network FERROVIENORD.  FERROVIENORD, which is the provider off the statistics, manages more than 300 km of railways and 120 stations (in the provinces of Milano, Varese, Como, Novara, Brescia), with a traffic of 800 trains every day.

Also included in this section are some date, disaggregated b region, on bus transport: passengers transported, number of buses, transport capacity, distance travelled (of source National Account of Infrastructure and Transport).


5. Road freight transport

Statistics on road freight transport

Data on road freight transport are collected by Istat in compliance with EU Regulation CE n. 1172/98 and subsequent amendments.

The statistical measurement of road freight transport provides information on the flows of goods and of the quantities transported. Since 2006 (following a revision in the methodology) the measurements is based on the travels made by the vehicles, which enable to derive information the flows of the goods.

The innovations in the methodology  implemented in 2006 however generated a break in the series and the data after 2006 are not comparable with those relating to previous years.

The unit of analysis of the survey is represented by the vehicle-week, i.e. each vehicle registered in Italy whose activity is observed for one week.

The universe includes all vehicles with a load carrying capacity of at least 35 quintals that have the characteristics to transport freight on roads (including road tractors). Vehicles belonging to the Government, military vehicles, and all vehicles with more than 11 years of use are excluded.

The period of observation comprises all 52 weeks of the year, meaning that the survey scheme is continuous.

The register of vehicles, which is the basis for the survey, is created using both the register of the Ministry of Finance on vehicle taxes and the register of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport on vehicles in use.

The survey is a sample survey; the sample is stratified and totals about 66.000 units

Regional indicators

In the framework of project “Statistical Information for structural policies 2001-2008", Istat undertook to support the monitoring and evaluation activity of the Community Framework 2000-2006. For this purpose, a database with around 160 indicators was constructed and is regularly updated.

Since December 2010 also available are the indicators of the National Strategic Framework 2007-2013, which included, amongst a variety of themes, indicators on freight transport.


6. Air transport

Data on air transport, with breakdown by single airport, are provided by ENAC – National Agency for Civil Aviation. ENAC is responsible for several aspects of the regulations on civil aviation and for the control and supervision of the implementation of the rules adopted.

The airport system of Lombardy comprises three airports: Linate (Milano), Malpensa (Milano) and Orio al Serio (Bergamo).


7. Use and satisfaction with public transport

Statistics on the use of public transport by citizens and on their satisfaction with the service are derived from the sample survey “Aspects of daily life”.

This survey is part of an integrated system of social surveys – the Multipurpose survey on households – that collects key information about the daily life of individuals and households.

The survey is part of National Statistical System and since 1993 it is conducted every year, in the month of February.

The sample comprises about 24,000 households (54,000 people) living in around 850 municipalities of various sizes.


8. Expenditure of the Public Administration on transport services

Like other data relating to the transport system, also information on the expenditure of the Public Administration are released by the Ministry of Transport and are available in the National Account of Infrastructure and Transport.

Data aggiornamento: 
November, 2010